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Different names of Jagannath Puri

Puri-dhama: Puri means place of residence. One who lives in Puri is known as purusa. Lord Jagannatha is Parama-purusa. Puri-dharna is the place where the Supreme Personality of Godhead resides. The dhama is a place where everything is purna, or complete due to the presence of Lord Jagannatha.

 

 

Shankha-Kshetra: The holy land of Orissa (or Utkala) is divided into four Kshetras. These Kshetras are named after the four weapons of Lord Visnu: shankha, cakra, gadha, and padhma. Bhuvaneshvara is Cakra- Kshetra, Jajpur is Gadha- Kshetra, Konark is Padhma-Kshetra, and Puri, which is geographically shaped like a conchshell, is known as Shankha-Kshetra. On the far west corner of a. Shankha-Kshetra is the Lord Lokanatha temple, and on far east is the Lord Nilakantheswara. temple. On the navel portion of Shankha-Kshetra is Rohini-kunda, Kalpa-vatta, and Lord Sri Jagannatha sitting on His ratna-simhasana.

Dasa-avatara-Kshetra: The Lord originally manifests as different avataras in Jagannatha Puri and then goes to another place to perform the pastimes associated with that avatara. When he finishes His job of protecting the earth, again the Lord returns to Puri. Thus it is called Daga-avatara-Kshetra.

 

Bhauma Vaikuntha: The Lord sometimes descends along with His abode and associates to this earthly planet. But in some places, even in this material world, the Lord resides eternally in His arca-avatara form along with His dhama. This place is Vaikuntha in the earthly planetary system. In Kapila Samhita it has been mentioned: That tract of land which is known as Sri Purusottama-kshetra is a direct manifestation of Vaikuntha. It is best among all kshetras and tirthas. In Caitanya-caritiimrta it has been explained: Although They all have Their residences eternally in the spiritual sky, some of Them are situated within the material universes.Lord Keshava eternally resides at Mathura, and Lord Purusottama, known by the name Jagannatha, eternally resides at Nilacala. (Madhya 20.212 & 215) Even though every form of the Lord has its own abode in the spiritual sky, still some have their own place here in this brahmanda also. In Mathura the Lord resides as Keshava and in Nilacala Purusottama-kshetra He resides as Jagannatha.

 

Nilacala-dhama: Nila means blue and acala means immovable mountain. Because the Lord resides here on top of a blue mountain, Puri is known as Nilacala-dhama, or Niladri. Adri also means mountain.

 

Purusottama-kshetra: Lord Jagannatha is Purusottama. Feeling very affectionate towards this place, He named this dhama after Himself. The dhama is non-different from the Lord Himself.


Sri-kshetra: Sri refers to Sri Devi, or Laksmi Devi. Sri Devi is the svarupa-shakti of Lord Vishnu. This tract of land which is influenced by the Sri-Shakti is known as Sri-kshetra. Sri Devi is Laksmi, who is a partial expansion of Srimati Radharani. Radharani is amsini, as stated in Caitanya-caritamrta:
Just as the fountainhead, Lord Krishna, is the cause of all incarnations, so Sri Radha is the cause of all these consorts. (Adi 4.76) According to the feeling of devotees who worship the Lord in madhurya-rasa, this place has manifested the influence of the first-class mood of seva, madhurya and audarya. Thus it is known as Sri-kshetra. Another explanation is that Sri also indicates the first or greatest among all. There are four dhamas in Bharatavarsa, known as catur-dhama. These are Puri, Badarikashrama, Dvaraka „ and Rameshvaram. Among all theses four dhamas Puri-dhama is the greatest, thus it is known as Sri-kshetra.

 

Bhusvarga: Bhusvarga means heaven on earth. At this place there is no excessive heat, rain, or cold. In Brahma Purana it is stated:
Purusottama-Kshetra is a transcendental place, There is no other place like it on the earth and is rarely attained even by the demigods.

 

Narasimha-Kshetra: According to Skanda Purana, Puri is known as Narasimha-Kshetra. After completing the construction of Sri Mandira, King lndradyumna went to Brahma-loka to invite Lord Brahma to the temple's inauguration. Lord Brahma performed the yagna. From that yagna a fearsome form of Lord Narasimha appeared, The Lord had a seven-hooded Ananta-naga on top of His head and held Lakshmi Devi in His lap. lndradyumna was frightened of this form of the Lord, and so, being merciful upon the king, the Lord immediately accepted a very peaceful form of Narayana.

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